Indemnity Deed (A241)

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This Deed of Indemnity is designed for use in cases when one person (“the Guarantor”) guarantees the obligations of another (“the Indemnifier”) and seeks an indemnity from the Indemnifier against any liabilities which the Guarantor may incur under the guarantee.

There are a number of cases when the Deed may be suitable.  The following are some examples:

  • when the Indemnifier enters into a tenancy agreement and the Guarantor gives the landlord a guarantee that the rent will be paid and the other obligations of the tenancy will be complied with;
  • when the Indemnifier enters into a loan agreement and the Guarantor gives the lender a guarantee that the repayments will be made; and
  • when the Indemnifier runs a shop and enters into an agreement with a supplier for the supply of stock and the Guarantor gives the supplier a guarantee that the stock will be paid for.

The document consists of 4 pages with 7 clauses, detailing:

  • definitions
  • background
  • indemnity
  • notice of a claim
  • dealing with a claim against the indemnifier
  • dealing with a claim against the guarantor
  • the bond

This Deed of Indemnity is designed for use in cases when one person (“the Guarantor”) guarantees the obligations of another (“the Indemnifier”) and seeks an indemnity from the Indemnifier against any liabilities which the Guarantor may incur under the guarantee.  It may well be that an indemnity is implied by law in cases when a guarantee is given, but it is best that the exact terms are agreed between the parties.

There are a number of cases when the Deed may be suitable.  The following are some examples:

  • when the Indemnifier enters into a tenancy agreement and the Guarantor gives the landlord a guarantee that the rent will be paid and the other obligations of the tenancy will be complied with;
  • when the Indemnifier enters into a loan agreement and the Guarantor gives the lender a guarantee that the repayments will be made; and
  • when the Indemnifier runs a shop and enters into an agreement with a supplier for the supply of stock and the Guarantor gives the supplier a guarantee that the stock will be paid for.

The Deed also covers the situation when the parties have agreed that the Indemnifier will pay a sum of money to the Guarantor as security against liabilities which the Guarantor may incur.  This will be held by the Guarantor as a bond and the Guarantor will be able to deduct from it any liabilities which the Guarantor incurs.

If possible, the Deed should be entered into simultaneously with the giving of the guarantee, though it can be given later.

FORM OF THE DEED

THE PARTIES

The full names of the Indemnifier and the Guarantor should be given along with their respective addresses.  If either or both comprise more than one person, all names and address should be given.

If a party is a company, the registered name, number and address should be given.

DEFINITIONS

“The Bond”:  If the parties have agreed that the Indemnifier is to give the Bond, the amount should be inserted here and clause 7 will apply. This definition should, of course, be deleted if no Bond is being given, and then the subsequent numbering in this clause should be amended.

“The Guarantee”:  The details of the guarantee should be given.  For example:

The guarantee given by the Guarantor in favour of John Landlord that the Indemnifier will pay the rent under the terms of a Tenancy Agreement dated 25th October 2011 and made between John Landlord (1) and the Indemnifier (2) relating to the Big House.

“The Obligation”:  The details of the Obligation should be given.  For example:

The payment of the rent under the terms of a Tenancy Agreement dated 25th October 2011 and made between John Landlord (1) and the Indemnifier (2) relating to the Big House.

INTERPRETATION

These are standard provisions to avoid any doubts, though most are covered by the general law in any event.

BACKGROUND

It is always helpful in a Deed to set out the background and these clauses deal with the basic situation.  They should be amended or added to in order to suit the case.

THE INDEMNITY

This clause gives the Guarantor the indemnity against any liabilities which the Guarantor may incur by reason of the Indemnifier failing to comply with the Obligation resulting in a claim being made against the Guarantor under the guarantee.

NOTICE OF A CLAIM

These provisions deal with the situation when a claim is made by a third party that the Indemnifier is in breach of the Obligation. It is important that the Guarantor is notified as soon as possible of the details of the claim as it may result in a claim against the Guarantor under the guarantee.

The parties may want to discuss how the claim is to be dealt with. However, it should be remembered that the Guarantor may now potentially have a claim against the Indemnifier under the Deed, and the position of both parties will need to be considered and perhaps legal advice taken.

DEALING WITH A CLAIM AGAINST THE INDEMNIFIER RELATING TO THE OBLIGATION

These provisions set out how the parties are to deal with the claim against the Indemnifier.

The Guarantor may want to be involved in how the Indemnifier deals with the claim as this may determine the extent of the claim against the Guarantor under the guarantee.

DEALING WITH A CLAIM AGAINST THE GUARANTOR UNDER THE GUARANTEE

The Indemnifier may have documents and information which the Guarantor requires for dealing with a claim against the Guarantor under the guarantee.  This clause obliges to the Indemnifier to give reasonable assistance.

THE BOND

These provisions deal with the case when the parties have agreed that the Indemnifier should pay a Bond to the Guarantor as security.  This clause should be deleted, of course, if no Bond has been agreed.

COMPLETION OF THE DEED

Once the form of the Deed has been finalised, it should be produced and executed in duplicate so that each of the parties may retain one copy.

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